TEMPUS is the European ’s programme which supports the modernisation of higher education in the EU's surrounding area. It was adopted by the Council of Ministers of the European in 1990 and was since four times extended, with the current extension lasting until the year 2013.
Tempus I - 1990-1994;
Tempus II - 1994-1998;
Tempus II - 1998-2000;
Tempus III - 2000-2006;
Tempus IV - 2007-2013.
TEMPUS supports projects aiming to restructure and develop curricula and teaching materials, upgrade teaching facilities, and/or improve university administration in higher education institutions. TEMPUS does this by providing financial grants for co-operation projects between higher education establishments in the EU and the Partner Countries in priority areas which are defined by the respective Partner Countries and the European Commission and which are in line with the overall socio-economic reform process of these countries.
- Eastern Europe: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Belarus, Moldova, Russian Federation, Ukraine
- Central Asia: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan
- Western Balkans: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia and Kosovo (under UNSC Resolution 1244/99)
- Mediterranean countries: Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, the Palestinian Authority, Syria, Tunisia and Libya.
Priority themes under Tempus are defined around the main components of the EU's higher education modernisation agenda and are therefore structured in the following three building blocks:
- Curricular Reform
- Governance Reform
- Higher Education and Society
The Tempus programme encourages institutions in the EU Member States and the Partner Countries to engage in structured cooperation through the establishment of "consortia". The "consortia" implement Joint Projects and Structural Measures with a clear set of objectives.